Automatic Gate Safety Standards & Legislation
The most important product-related standards for powered and automatic gates are those that are harmonised to the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, a full list of which is available via the European Commission website:
Harmonised standards are categorised as A-type, B-type and C-type standards, so the list below is presented the same way. Additional non-harmonised standards and other documents are listed at the end.
All automatic gates supplied and installed by Procter Contracts comply with relevant standards, regulations and codes of practice.
A-type standards: these specify basic concepts, terminology and design principles applicable to all categories of machinery.
BS EN ISO 12100:2010
Safety of machinery. General principles for design. Risk assessment and risk reduction
B-type standards: these deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or specific types of safeguard that can be used across a wide range of categories of machinery (NB this list is not exhaustive).
|BS EN 349:1993 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body|
|BS EN 547-1:1996 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery|
|BS EN 547-2:1996 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings|
|BS EN 547-3:1996 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Anthropometric data|
|BS EN 614-1:2006 +A1:2009||Safety of machinery. Ergonomic design principles. Terminology and general principles|
|BS EN 842:1996 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. Visual danger signals. General requirements, design and testing|
|BS EN ISO 14120:2015||Safety of machinery. Guards. General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards|
|BS EN 981:1996 +A1:2008||Safety of machinery. System of auditory and visual danger and information signals|
|BS EN ISO 14118:2018||Safety of machinery. Prevention of unexpected start-up|
|BS EN ISO 7731:2008||Ergonomics. Danger signals for public and work areas. Auditory danger signals|
|BS EN ISO 13849-1:2015||Safety of machinery. Safety related parts of control systems. General principles for design|
|BS EN ISO 13849-2:2012||Safety of machinery. Safety-related parts of control systems. Validation|
|BS EN ISO 13855:2010||Safety of machinery. Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body|
|BS EN ISO 13856-2:2013||Safety of machinery. Pressure-sensitive protective devices. General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars|
|BS EN ISO 13856-3:2013||Safety of machinery. Pressure-sensitive protective devices. General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices|
|BS EN ISO 13857:2008||Safety of machinery. Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs|
|BS EN 60204-1: 2018||Safety of machinery. Electrical equipment of machines. General requirements|
|BS EN 61496-1:2013||Safety of machinery. Electro-sensitive protective equipment. General requirements and tests|
|BS EN 62061:2005 +A2:2015||Safety of machinery. Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems|
C-type standards: these deal with safety requirements for particular types of machine or groups of machine. When a C-type standard deviates from an A-type or B-type standard, the C-type standard takes precedence.
|BS EN 12635:2002+A1:2008||Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Installation and use|
|BS EN 12978:2003+A1:2009||Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Safety devices for power operated doors and gates. Requirements and test methods|
|BS EN 13241:2003+A2:2016||Industrial, commercial, garage doors and gates. Product standard, performance characteristics|
|BS EN 60335-2-103:2015||Household and similar electrical appliances. Safety. Particular requirements for drives for gates, doors and windows|
Non-harmonised standards and other documents
|PD ISO/TR 18569:2004||Safety of machinery. Guidelines for the understanding and use of safety of machinery standards|
|PD ISO/TR 23849:2010
PD IEC/TR 62061-1:2010
|Guidance on the application of ISO 13849-1 and IEC 62061 in the design of safety-related control systems for machinery|
|BS EN 61496-2:2013||Safety of machinery. Electro-sensitive protective equipment. Particular requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs)|
|BS EN IEC 62046:2018||Safety of machinery. Application of protective equipment to detect the presence of persons|
|BS EN 12444:2001||Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates.
Resistance to wind load. Testing and calculation
|BS EN 12453:2017||Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Safety in use of power operated doors. Requirements and test methods|
|BS EN 12604:2017||Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Mechanical aspects. Requirements and test methods|
|BS 7671:2018||Requirements for Electrical Installations. IET Wiring Regulations|
|DHF TS 011:2018||Code of Practice for the Design, Manufacture, Installation and Maintenance of Automated Gates and Traffic Barriers (this Technical Specification is published by the Door & Hardware Federation)|