Automatic Gate Safety Standards & Legislation

The most important product-related standards for powered and automatic gates are those that are harmonised to the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, a full list of which is available via the European Commission website:

http://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/european-standards/harmonised-standards/machinery/

Harmonised standards are categorised as A-type, B-type and C-type standards, so the list below is presented the same way. Additional non-harmonised standards and other documents are listed at the end.

All automatic gates supplied and installed by Procter Contracts comply with relevant standards, regulations and codes of practice.

A-type standards: these specify basic concepts, terminology and design principles applicable to all categories of machinery.

BS EN ISO 12100:2010
Safety of machinery. General principles for design. Risk assessment and risk reduction
B-type standards: these deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or specific types of safeguard that can be used across a wide range of categories of machinery (NB this list is not exhaustive).
BS EN 349:1993 +A1:2008Safety of machinery. Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
BS EN 547-1:1996 +A1:2008Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
BS EN 547-2:1996 +A1:2008Safety of machinery. Human body measurements. Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings
BS EN 547-3:1996 +A1:2008Safety of machinery.  Human body measurements.  Anthropometric data
BS EN 614-1:2006 +A1:2009Safety of machinery.  Ergonomic design principles.  Terminology and general principles
BS EN 842:1996 +A1:2008Safety of machinery.  Visual danger signals.  General requirements, design and testing
BS EN ISO 14120:2015Safety of machinery. Guards. General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards
BS EN 981:1996 +A1:2008Safety of machinery.  System of auditory and visual danger and information signals
BS EN ISO 14118:2018Safety of machinery.  Prevention of unexpected start-up
BS EN ISO 7731:2008Ergonomics.  Danger signals for public and work areas.  Auditory danger signals
BS EN ISO 13849-1:2015Safety of machinery.  Safety related parts of control systems.  General principles for design
BS EN ISO 13849-2:2012Safety of machinery.  Safety-related parts of control systems.  Validation
BS EN ISO 13855:2010Safety of machinery.  Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body
BS EN ISO 13856-2:2013Safety of machinery.  Pressure-sensitive protective devices.  General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars
BS EN ISO 13856-3:2013Safety of machinery.  Pressure-sensitive protective devices.  General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices
BS EN ISO 13857:2008Safety of machinery.  Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
BS EN 60204-1: 2018Safety of machinery.  Electrical equipment of machines.  General requirements
BS EN 61496-1:2013Safety of machinery.  Electro-sensitive protective equipment.  General requirements and tests
BS EN 62061:2005 +A2:2015Safety of machinery.  Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems

C-type standards: these deal with safety requirements for particular types of machine or groups of machine. When a C-type standard deviates from an A-type or B-type standard, the C-type standard takes precedence.

BS EN 12635:2002+A1:2008Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Installation and use
BS EN 12978:2003+A1:2009Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Safety devices for power operated doors and gates. Requirements and test methods
BS EN 13241:2003+A2:2016Industrial, commercial, garage doors and gates. Product standard, performance characteristics
BS EN 60335-2-103:2015Household and similar electrical appliances. Safety. Particular requirements for drives for gates, doors and windows

Non-harmonised standards and other documents

PD ISO/TR 18569:2004Safety of machinery. Guidelines for the understanding and use of safety of machinery standards
PD ISO/TR 23849:2010
PD IEC/TR 62061-1:2010
Guidance on the application of ISO 13849-1 and IEC 62061 in the design of safety-related control systems for machinery
BS EN 61496-2:2013Safety of machinery.  Electro-sensitive protective equipment.  Particular requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs)
BS EN IEC 62046:2018Safety of machinery. Application of protective equipment to detect the presence of persons
BS EN 12444:2001Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates.
Resistance to wind load. Testing and calculation
BS EN 12453:2017Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Safety in use of power operated doors. Requirements and test methods
BS EN 12604:2017Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates. Mechanical aspects. Requirements and test methods
BS 7671:2018Requirements for Electrical Installations. IET Wiring Regulations
DHF TS 011:2018Code of Practice for the Design, Manufacture, Installation and Maintenance of Automated Gates and Traffic Barriers (this Technical Specification is published by the Door & Hardware Federation)